SOURCES supply information. "What are you holding?" A question that is sometimes used to determine the source.In the world of the Web this question needs a bit of tweaking. The clerk's copy of a deed entered into a courthouse record book, a photocopied, photographed, microfilmed, or scanned copy of that deed are all considered original sources.
Unless a copy loses significant information, it is considered an original.
We cannot "hold" the database of grave markers that is on our computer
monitor unless we print it—yet, that is a source of information. If we can
derive information from an object—it is a source.
is a derivative source. Sources are not equal, but all are cited.
INFORMATION is knowledge of a fact. The knowledge may or may not
be correct and it is rarely given to a person studying the past in first-person
form. The date on the tombstone was carved by a stone mason who may
have chiseled the date of death or the date of burial. Perhaps he was looking
at a copy of a death certificate as his source of information. There are
several questions that could be asked about that information.
EVIDENCE provides grounds for belief that proves or disproves a conclusion. The professional genealogist must take widely scattered sources providing information, which, in turn, provides evidence. There are inherent biases in sources such as oral traditions or family records. We use the federal and state statutes to interpret the contents of legal documents.usions.
The weight that is placed on any individual piece of evidence is
an important part of the process of genealogical analysis.