​​​ETHICAL CODES

Ancestral Analysis follows three sets of ethical codes to ensure that high professional standards are met.


Board for Certification of Genealogists:

As a practicing genealogist, mindful of responsibilities to the public, to the genealogical consumer,

and to scholarship, I hereby pledge

  • To strive for the highest level of truth and accuracy in all phases of my work;
  • To act honorably toward other genealogists and toward the field as a whole;
  • To adhere to the Board for Certification of Genealogists' Standards of Conduct;

​​ (and, if engaged in research for others)

  • To act in my client's best interests; and
  • To protect my client's privacy.

​​To protect the public

  • I will not publish or publicize as fact anything I know to be false, doubtful, or unproven; nor will I be a party, directly or indirectly, to such an action by others.
  • I will identify my sources for all information and cite only those I have personally used.
  • I will quote sources precisely, avoiding any alterations that I do not clearly identify as editorial interpretations.
  • I will present the purpose, practice, scope, and possibilities of genealogical research within a realistic framework.
  • I will delineate my abilities, publications, and/or fees in a true and realistic fashion.
  • I will keep confidential any personal or genealogical information disclosed to me unless I receive written consent to the contrary.

To protect the client (paying or pro bono)

  • I will reveal to the client any personal or financial interests that might compromise my professional obligations.
  • I will undertake paid commissions only after a clear agreement as to scope and fee.
  • I will, to the best of my abilities, address my research to the issue raised by the client and report to that question.
  • I will seek fro the client all prior information and documentation related to the research and will not knowingly repeat the work as billable hours without explanation as to good cause.
  • I will furnish only facts I can substantiate with adequate documentation, and I will not withhold any data necessary for the client'[s purpose.
  • If the research question involves analysis of data in order to establish a genealogical relationship or identity, I will report that the conclusions are based on the weight of the available evidence and that absolute proof of genealogical relationships is usually not possible.
  • If I cannot resolve a research problem within the limitations of time or budget established by contract, I will explain the reasons why.
  • If other feasible avenues are available, I will suggest them; but I will not misrepresent the possibilities of additional research.
  • I will return any advance payment that exceeds the hours and expenses incurred.
  • I will not publish or circulate research reports to which a client has a proprietary right, without that person's written consent; I will observe these rights; whether my report was made directly to the client or to an employer or agent.

To protect the profession

  • I will act, speak, and write in a manner I believe to be in the best interests of the profession and scholarship of genealogy.
  • I will participate in exposing genealogical fraud; but I will not otherwise knowingly injure or attempt to injure the reputation, prospects,or practice of another genealogist.
  • I will no attempt to supplant another genealogist already employed by a client or agency. I will substitute for another researcher only with specific, written consent of and instructions provided by the client or agency.
  • I will not represent as my own the work of another This includes works that are copyrighted, in the public domain, or unpublished. This pledge includes reports, lecture materials, audio/visual tapes, compiled records, and authored essays.
  • I will not reproduce for public dissemination, in an oral or written fashion, the work of another genealogist, writer, or lecturer without that person's written consent. In citing another's work, I will give proper credit. 


Association of Professional Genealogist

1. Promote a coherent, truthful approach to genealogy, family history, and local history.

2. Present research results and opinions in a clear, well-organized manner, fully and

accurately cite references, and refrain from withholding, suppressing, or knowingly

misquoting or misinterpreting sources or data.

3. Promote the trust and security of genealogical consumers.

4. Advertise services and credentials honestly, avoiding the use of misleading or exaggerated representation, explain

without concealment or misrepresentation all fees, charges, and payment structures, abide by agreements regarding

project scope, number of hours, and deadlines and reporting schedules, keep adequate, accessible records of financial

and project-specific contacts with the consumer, and refrain from knowingly violating or encouraging others to violate

laws and regulations concerning copyright, right to privacy, business finances, or other pertinent subjects.

5. Support initiatives that preserve public records and access to them.

6. Be courteous to research facility personnel and treat records with care and respect, support efforts to locate, collect,

and preserve the records by compiling, cataloging, reproducing, and indexing documents, refrain from mutilating,

rearranging, or removing from their proper custodians printed, original, microfilmed or electronic records.

7. Promote the welfare of the genealogical community. Give proper credit to those who supply information and provide

assistance, refrain from (or avoid) knowingly soliciting established clients of another researcher, encourage applicable

education, accreditation, and certification, and refrain from public behavior, oral remarks or written communications

that defame the profession, individual genealogists, or the Association of Professional Genealogists.


The National Genealogical Society

  • Remembering always that they are engaged in a quest for truth, family history researchers consistently—record the source for each item of information they collect.
  • Test every hypothesis or theory against credible evidence, and reject those that are not supported by the evidence Seek original records, or reproduced images of them when there is reasonable assurance they have not been altered, as the basis for their research conclusions.
  • Use compilations, communications, and published works, whether paper or electronic, primarily for their value as guides to locating the original records or as contributions to the critical analysis of the evidence discussed in them.
  • State something as a fact only when it is supported by convincing evidence, and identify the evidence when communicating the fact to others.
  • Limit with words like "probable" or "possible" any statement that is based on less than convincing evidence, and state the reasons for concluding that it is probable or possible.
  • Avoid misleading other researchers by either intentionally or carelessly distributing or publishing inaccurate information.
  • State carefully and honestly the results of their own research, and acknowledge all use of other

         researcher's work.

  • Recognize the collegial nature of genealogical research by making their work available

         to others through publication, or by placing copies in appropriate libraries or

         repositories, and by welcoming critical comment.

  • Consider with open minds new evidence or the comments of others on their work

         and the conclusions they have reached.